The 73rd IFA Congress will be held between 8 and 12 September 2019 in the heart of London, on the South Bank of the River Thames. In addition to an excellent tax programme content, participants will be able to network and enjoy a series of social events, surrounded by the dynamics of the city and highlights such as the Houses of Parliament, the iconic "Big Ben" clock tower and the London Eye.
Our annual Congresses provide an unique opportunity to discuss and debate international tax topics of current significant interest and importance. IFA 2019 will bring together leading tax experts from governments, corporations, academia, and advisors from across the globe. The discussions will focus on both technical issues and practical matters faced by all those involved in making the international tax system work. What better time to participate in the most important global meeting dedicated to taxation, the International Fiscal Association Congress in London.
|Congress||IFA 2019 London, United Kingdom|
|Date||8 - 12 september 2019|
|Location||London, United Kingdom|
Registration opens11 March
Early Bird deadline01 July
Interest deductibility: the implementation of BEPS Action 4
James Gadwood (USA) Paul Morton (United Kingdom)
Chair: Yash Rupal (United Kingdom)
This session will address the tension for tax systems between debt and equity forms of capitalisation and the resulting effects and biases associated with interest being deductible. It will also consider:
i) The perceived limitations of thin capitalisation principles;
ii) The boundary issues between debt and equity arising forms of capitalisation in relation to their financial and economic features; and
iii) The evolution of the BEPS Action 4 principles which seek to mitigate the unwarranted depletion or displacement of a country’s tax base through the deduction of only some kinds of capitalisation charges.
The legislative approaches to implementation of these principles and the practical impact for corporate finance, transactional structuring and specialised sectors such as banking will also be discussed. The interplay with transfer pricing and its future role within the new environment for aligning profits with value-creating contributions,
as well as the challenges posed by cross-border transactions and the limitations of tax treaties will be part of the debate. Finally, the potential for future OECD and/or EU developments and their consequences will be covered.
Oktavia Weidmann (Switzerland) Sung Hwang (USA)
Chair: Jean Schaffner (Luxembourg)
This session will consider tax challenges caused by various ways of investing collectively, through vehicles that may be transparent or opaque in relation to their investor-owners or may be treated as vehicles with a tax life separate from, though complementary with, that of their investor-owners.
First, a common understanding of investment funds will be established as the basis for considering a variety of fund and investor issues associated with effectively aligning taxing rights over investment with the owners of that income, in ways that are: i) administrable; ii) sympathetic to industry and investor practices for collective investing; and iii) fair for taxing jurisdictions having an identifiable interest in taxing investment income in the hands of the funds or investors.
Second, this is not a session about funds as such, but about the implications for defining and preserving a legitimate tax jurisdiction of investing collectively. The session will consider various kinds of investment funds in the market, widely held and regulated funds, closed-end funds, but also funds having an alternative investment strategy, such as private equity, real estate or hedge funds. The interplay between fund level and investor taxation will be considered, according to typical domestic taxation approaches, as well as according to the distributive rules in tax treaties where the suitable application of treaties can be established and administered.
Finally, the session will examine how tax rules should respond to forms of managers’ compensation, in particular, performance-based remuneration.
Chair: Osman Mollagee (South Africa)
As financial and funding instruments evolve, there is an ongoing need for international tax constructs to be refined and sometimes even revised. International taxation is familiar with addressing the tax implications of different legal systems encountering each other, in some cases giving rise to classification or qualification issues that treaties seek to resolve. The features and implications of Sharia law – a non-secular legal system – and its interaction with other legal systems is a less familiar example of the interaction of legal systems giving rise to specific and practical legal and tax issues for transactions. But sometimes the differences between legal systems are not as profound as they may seem.
This seminar will consider some of the major Sharia finance instruments, and the practical complications that typically arise when applying traditional international tax principles. The panel will share observations on some domestic measures that have been considered in some jurisdictions, on some complications arising in cross-border financing arrangements, and on how BEPS Actions might impact the treatment of these instruments. The panel will conduct its inquiry with reference to particular kinds of financial instruments and their financial characteristics in relation to non-Sharia forms of financing to achieve equivalent or similar financing objectives.
Chair: Tony Pagone (Australia)
The focus of this topic is to look at recent developments directed at dealing with perceived disjunction between the form in which transactions are entered into for tax consequences and the commercial and economic substance which they seek to achieve.
There is a pervasive trend for taxation to be concerned with the substance of transactions and arrangements. But, what substance: “economic substance” which is a common form of expression in transfer pricing, or a more thorough understanding of “legal substance” as an evidence-based conclusion about the nature of transaction and other legal relations that may or may not be consistent with how they are described formally. Amongst the issues to be considered are recent developments in BEPS Action 2 on “Hybridity” and equivalent developments in the European Union expressed in ATAD I and ATAD II.
This seminar is not about hybrids or purposive tax avoidance as such, although both are relevant. However, it will consider the role played by legal systems, including conflicts of laws, in determining the classification and features of transactions and arrangements to which tax law applies, in the absence of a legal system common to all taxing jurisdictions.
Chair: Jennie Rimmer (United Kingdom)
This session will give delegates oversight of current and future developments and challenges in relation to indirect tax matters for financial services businesses, specifically those in insurance, banking, and asset management. Whilst there will inevitably be some discussion on Brexit and the indirect tax implications for the UK and non-UK businesses, this will be proportionate and is not intended to be the dominant topic or to displace the more specific and thorough discussion of these topics in other seminars. Topics will cover practical aspects of calculating, managing and reporting indirect taxes, managing and communicating indirect tax risk, any notable areas of challenge by tax authorities for indirect tax, and policy updates.
Chair: Diana Wollman (USA)
”Hybrid” instruments and transactions have been identified by the international tax community as a “bad thing”. They are the lightning rod for a variety of criticisms that reflect competing tax interests of countries in the absence of a common legal or tax system. It is commonly said that they erode the tax base of at least one of the countries involved, encourage otherwise-inefficient economic behaviour, are unfairly exploited by sophisticated taxpayers with the economic means to do so, and impair the integrity of tax systems that taxpayers authorities otherwise believe are fair and ought to be respected.
The reason that “hybridity” exists is that countries’ rules differ. If all the countries had the same rules for Characterising instruments and transactions, hybridity would not exist. So, a coordinated common approach is presently perceived as the solution to getting rid of this problem. With that in mind, the OECD BEPS project developed recommended rules that all countries could adopt and thus put an end to hybridity. The EU is responding in a similar direction with ATAD I and ATAD II. However, countries and the EU are responding by issuing rules that follow these recommendations only in part and then vary from them in part.
This seminar will address what is motivating these variations and what their practical consequences are. It will also discuss particular examples of transactions that may be uncontroversial within a particular legal and tax system but give rise to challenging effects when different perceptions of the same events, in the nature of a classification or qualification conflict familiar to tax treaties, encounter and possibly collide with each other.
Chair: James Anderson (United Kingdom)
As an increasing number of private enterprises boldly go where no company has gone before, this seminar will examine some of the current and upcoming tax issues arising out of space exploration and space as a jurisdiction in which commercial, value-creating events take place mostly without direct human intervention “in space”.
Classical mythology has helped format the solar system for two millennia, and here it will guide our panel in discussing recent and future areas of technical development, including: (i) competing conceptual frameworks for the ownership and taxation of resources exploited by future missions; (ii) the taxation of satellite communications; and (iii) the attribution of income to off-world permanent establishments, in other words the ultimate BEPS displacement of income to a truly other world. Panelists will be invited to provide insights into the attitudes and approaches of the regions in which they practice and to discuss the possibilities for space exploration and exploitation to lead to greater global cooperation - or dispute.
Composed of international taxation experts, the panel will strive to offer thought-provoking insights into taxing the final frontier and events with terrestrial origins and destinations that transit through space at the direction and under the control of those terrestrial enterprises. The panel will explore whether, in terms of international tax interests and tests of tax jurisdiction, there are distinctions without differences or distinctions that launch differences from the common ways of establishing and describing tax jurisdiction.
Chair: Stef van Weeghel (Netherlands)
The IFA/OECD Seminar is one of the permanent plenary sessions at IFA Congresses, resulting from a fruitful and long-standing relationship between IFA and the OECD, and has always brought interesting discussions and updates on the most significant work developed by the OECD in the last 12 months, as well as comments on trends and future developments. The challenges arising from the digitalisation of the economy and the ensuing broader discussion regarding the international allocation of taxing rights will be important themes of this seminar.
Chair: Timothy McDonald (USA)
The tax environment continues to evolve from primarily a technical discussion between the taxpayers, advisors and government tax authorities directly interested in those taxpayers, to a much more robust and expansive conversation that increasingly involves influence exerted directly or collectively by, and claims made by, multiple governments to tax the same income. This is all in the context of concerns expressed in political forums and by non-governmental organisations called “civil society”, as well as traditional NGO’s, activist substantial shareholders, other financiers of multinational corporations, and the general public.
Considerations associated with corporate reputation now more significant than ever and influence taxpayer behaviour. Increasing public discussion regarding corporations paying “their fair share” creates complicated demands on how to satisfy all stakeholders’ demands in credible, administrable, transparent and accountable ways, while at the same time respecting the reasonable proprietary interests of businesses.
What is the role of tax transparency and enhanced cooperation in achieving, predictability, sustainability and a general sense of fairness? Will a public disclosure registry of CbCR reporting create more public confidence or confusion regarding “fairness”? Will tax authorities be able to make constructive and productive use of new sources of information, and broadly-based information sharing, for effective tax administration? Will these initiatives be sufficient in restoring public confidence or is the current broad discussion regarding the taxation of the digitised economy including its enhanced anti-abuse rules and reconsideration of jurisdictional taxation rights (source vs. resident) a harbinger of further developments considered necessary to achieve predictability, a perception of “fairness”, and thereby a sustainable corporate tax environment?
This session will canvass these issues with the benefit of panel members drawn from a number of these relevant constituencies, tackling these difficult questions with reference to actual experience in the multinational corporate business environment
Chair: Mukesh Butani (India)
This session will consider increasingly urgent questions about the interaction of public international law, notably the law of treaties, and international taxation’s allocation of taxing rights via tax treaties. Certainty of double taxation conventions can be undermined by initiatives from states to enact laws which have the effect of over-riding treaties, either directly or by way of the clarification or declaration of perceptions of what treaties “mean” or are “meant to do”. To what extent such actions are consistent with the objects and purposes of treaties according to public law, and more specifically the origins and objectives of tax treaties, is an increasingly important question. Equally, the relationship between the purposes and effects of treaties, and domestic anti-avoidance provisions in the BEPS era, has emerged as a challenge for MNE taxpayers and also tax authorities.
The panel will analyse historical perspectives and in particular important conventional and customary public international law considerations that may seem exotic to many versed only in taxation including the divergent principles of “lex specialis” and “lex posterior derogate legi priori”. These profoundly influence states’ jurisdiction to tax and are likely to figure prominently, even if silently in the background, of important and urgent treaty debates about how business activities undertaken digitally should be taxed.
Chair: Chloe Burnett (Australia)
The Recent Developments panel will explore the latest developments in international tax. Recent trends in transfer pricing will cause us to debate whether we have reached “Arm’s Length 2.0”? The panel will also explore structuring case studies where one country’s tax rule depends on a second country’s tax rule, an increasingly common occurrence in this post-BEPS world. Developments in PEs, treaties, disclosure, and transparency will also be debated and, as ever, late breaking news will be reported.
Chair: Luc De Broe (Belgium)
The IFA/EU seminar aims to offer a comprehensive overview of the most important direct tax and tax policy developments concerning the European Union since the last IFA Congress, with a focus on selected issues of current interest and an outlook on forthcoming developments.
After an overview of the tax policy developments, the panel will discuss the recent case law on state aid in direct tax matters as well as the recent CJEU judgments on abuse of Directives and the interpretation of the “beneficial ownership”-concept.
Thereafter, the panel will address the 2018 Directive on mandatory disclosure by fiscal intermediaries (DAC 6). The composition of the panel will provide a comprehensive and hands-on analysis and will be composed of representatives of the EU Commission and delegates of the judiciary, industry and academia.
Chair: Melissa Geiger (United Kingdom)
The Brexit debate reminds us of the intimate connection between tax and trade in a world without homogeneous legal or tax systems but, nevertheless, pervasive free trading if not systematic “free trade”. In this way, Brexit takes tax specialists back, in real time, to the modern origins of international tax rules and treaties to relieve trade frictions induced by multiple taxation of the same income and income earners.
This session will start with a brief overview of where we are in the political process concerning the reconfiguration of the United Kingdom’s economic relations with Europe and, necessarily, also the rest of the world. We will have a detailed discussion on the impact of Brexit on trade and the evolution of both the UK and the EU tax systems in relation, and often in reaction, to trade. Finally, we will discuss what this means for multinational companies both in the tax space and in relation to global employee mobility.
We will be joined by panel contributors from government, business and the professions in what is sure to be a lively and, at this stage unpredictable but undoubtedly timely, debate whatever the immediate state of Brexit is when we meet in London.
Can we credibly argue that we know what the future will look like? How will disruptive technologies impact taxation and the work of tax professionals around the world? YIN experts in the field may become the tax leaders of tomorrow and will help shape the international tax landscape as it changes rapidly in the years ahead. What challenges do they see for 2029?
Join the debate in the Young IFA Network and discuss how you think young tax professionals can face this ten-year challenge.
Sunday, 8 September | 19.00-22.00 | Royal Festival Hall
Monday, 9 September | 19.00-22.00
By kind permission of the Director and Trustees of the National Gallery, London.
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square, in the heart of London. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900.
Tuesday, 10 September | 19.00-20.30
A once in a lifetime opportunity to hear a live performance from the Cathedral Choir and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of music from UK composers across the years.
Wednesday, 11 September | 16.30-17.30 | Royal Festival Hall
The reception hosted by the President of IFA will be held at the Congress Venue with the River Thames as iconic backdrop. A splendid moment to network with familiar faces from IFA Branches worldwide or to get better acquainted with the association. All IFA members and non-members are invited to this event.
Wednesday 11 September | 20.00-01.00
A unique night at 100 Wardour Street, a restaurant and club located at a legendary address in Soho. The venue offers live music and cocktails over two levels in the Restaurant- Club and has hosted music acts including David Bowie, The Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix and The Sex Pistols. Discover more on the YIN activities during the 2019 IFA Congress here!
Thursday, 12 September | 19.00-23.30
A truly wonderful evening to spend with colleagues and enjoy an outstanding dining experience. The Hurlingham Club is recognised as one of Britain’s greatest private members’ clubs, with its quintessentially English traditions and heritage.